Types of Coffee Beans
The types of coffee beans used to make the morning coffee everyday are probably of little concern to the average person. However, the true coffee lover knows the various types of coffee beans if for no other reason than to be able to pick out their favorites from among the many available varieties. The two most common types of coffee beans used in making coffee are the Arabic bean and the Robusta bean. These two beans are used more than any other variety of beans, either in their pure form or in coffee blends.
The Coffea Arabica bush is grown all around the world and is the bean that over seventy percent of all coffee beverages are made from. The Arabica bean is a highly flavorful bean that contains less caffeine than the Canephor coffee bean. The different growing regions of the Arabic bean create different flavors in the bean.
Basically there are multitudes of Arabica coffee flavors all from the same type of bean and all based on where the bean is cultivated. The soil, temperature, weather and even neighboring foliage can create different flavors in the Arabica bean. For example, Ethiopian Arabica beans are known for their smooth, easy flavor with a floral finish while Kenyan Arabica beans have a more bitter taste. Arabica beans grown in Latin America are also slightly bitter tasting with a cocoa flavor and nutty finish. The favorite Arabica beans are grown in Colombia are very bold in taste with a dark texture and walnut after taste.
Arabica beans that are grown in Costa Rica are much like the beans grown in Brazil only sharper and lighter in taste. The Canephor or Robusta bean is also grown in many of the same regions. This coffee bean contains more caffeine than the Arabic bean. The Robusta beans contain less oil than the Arabic beans which tend to give them a more acidic and bitter taste. The Robusta bean is a cheaper bean than the Arabic bean and is used worldwide in blended coffees on supermarket shelves and at the same time in expensive roasts made for espresso. This is due the higher caffeine content, at least fifty percent more than the Arabica bean.
The Robusta beans are found around the world but are mostly planted and cultivated in Asia. Although they are considered bitter and acidic they are not considered poor in taste, in fact some of the best espressos are made from Robusta beans. Sumatra and Komodo supply some of the best Robusta beans which are roasted into exquisite coffees, such as Java and Kona. These gourmet coffees fetch top prices and are exceptionally flavored. There are many other coffee bean varietals that are grown around the world; however, most coffees are made from the Arabic bean, the Robusta bean or a blend of the two. The biggest distinction is within the bean variety and is based on where it is grown and how it is roasted, other factors that coffee lovers have to understand in order to choose the perfect coffee.